Latest Gallup polls prove 53 per cent approval of marriage of same-sex, the highest ever to date. Gallop proved that those favoring the proposal to legalize gay marriage have doubled since 1996, when they passed into legislation, the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA). Presently there is chance of the Supreme Court overturning the controversial DOMA itself, bringing more gay marriage states into the fold of the existing ones.
In November 2012’s election, Maryland, Maine and Washington States brought in marriage-equity rights, the first three states to adopt a route by popular vote instead of legislature.
In Illinois, Presently legalizing gay marriage is pending legislation. Illinois voters are a mixed bag on this issue, but support came from unexpected quarters like Pat Brady, the Chairman of Illinois Republican party who supported gay marriage. Contrary to this stance, few key African-American churches have conveyed their intention to instigate a hostile political reaction, believing that their opposition to the legislation has gone glaringly unnoticed. Ignoring public disagreement, the executive will reintroduce the gay marriage act into the approaching legislative session. Those in favor hope that the law will pass into legislation in this session.
From the beginning, most people considered Rhode Island conducive for success in gay marriage law making. Democrats hold the majority among the Rhode Island lawmakers. The speaker of the house had given his word for a floor vote and it became a reality in MAY 13 2013.
On Tuesday May 7, 2013, Delaware passed a bill legalizing gay marriage, making it the 11th U.S. state to permit marriage rights to same-sex couples with effect from July 1 2013. The state’s lower house has approved this, and the Governor has indicated that he will legalize it.
New Jersey has difficulties with gay marriage, since Governor Chris Christie vetoed any alteration made to the legal definition of marriage, which he did in 2012. Christy favored supporting popular vote on gay marriage, but LGBT rights lawyers of New Jersey were not in favor of the ballotproposal. The law enabling the freedom to vote is progressing, despite the protest by LGBT advocates and the ballot supporters’ inability of to gain enough votes to counter Governor Christie’s veto.
In 2008, California passed proposal 8, bearing a simple majority. For San Francisco, having the greatest number of gays, this was a blow to marriage equality. Despite this, within four years, a great majority of people in California and many other states reported favoring gay marriages. Proposal 8 and DOMA is facing the Supreme Court.Debating commences on March 27, 2013, with full ruling expected in June 2013. Marriage equality in 2013 for California will depend on the final judgment of proposal 8, which makes the path clear nationwide. At present, the approval is on conditional basis only. If the gays lose their day at the court, the matter may go for a popular vote again.
In 1998 Hawaii, one of the friendly gay marriage states passed a constitutional amendment barring same-sex marriage, but permitting lawmakers to describe marriage. Thus, chances are rife for introducing legislation favoring same sex marriages in the second half of January, for initiating the legislation process of marriage in Hawaii. Laws exist in the state opposing discrimination against LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender) individuals and couples. Hawaiians see the approval of same-sex marriage as the last obstacle to equal protection.
In the November election of Minnesota, there was a public spat and they defeated the proposal banning gay marriage. Democrats led by Governor Mark Dayton supported same-sex marriage and the bill passed into legislation on 13 May 2013.
Connecticut legalized same-sex marriage on 12 November 2008.
Iowa legalized same-sex marriage, by an Iowa Supreme Court ruling on 3 April 2009, and started issuing marriage licenses to couples from 27 April 2013.
A ruling of the First Court of Appeals in May 2012 unanimously ruled DOMA as unconstitutional and stayed its enforcement pending the Supreme Court ruling on the issue.
On March 1, 2012, Maryland passed the Civil Marriage Protection Act, which would come into effect from January 2013.
Same-sex marriages in the state of New Hampshire passed into legislation on January 1, 2010, thereby substituting Civil Unions
Vermont was the first state to introduce Civil Unions in 2000, and allowed same-sex marriages from 1 September 2009. This state took the lead in introducing same-sex marriages by ballot and not by court decision.
New York enacted same –sex marriage under the Marriage Equality Act and this passed into legislation on 24 July 2011.
District of Columbia
On 18 December 2009, Mayor Fenty affixed his signature approving the marriage of same-sex into legislation by a bill that the Council of the Columbia District signed on 15 December 2009. Issue of marriage licenses commenced on 3 March 2010. Marriages commenced on March 9, 2010, making this district the primary jurisdiction in the U.S lying beneath the line of Mason-Dixon that allowed same-sex marriage.
American Native Tribes
Three Native American Tribes have legalized the institution of same-sex marriage. They are Oregon’s Coquille Tribe (since 2008), Washington’s Suquamish Tribe (from 2011) and Michigan’s Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians (since 2013).